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 Definition of Wood-Plastic Composite (WPC)

Wood-plastic composite (WPC) is a composite material made from a mixture of wood fibers and recycled plastic. WPC is characterized by its unique properties that combine the durability of plastic with the aesthetics of wood, making it an ideal choice for various applications in construction and design.

 Origins and Development of WPC

The use of WPC began in the 1990s as part of sustainable efforts to reduce the use of natural wood and raw plastic. Over time, manufacturing techniques have evolved, improving WPC properties and making it more suitable for a wide range of applications.

Technical Properties of WPC

 Composition of WPC

WPC consists of a balanced mix of wood fibers and plastic. The materials used typically include:
– **Wood fibers:** Such as sawdust or other plant fibers.
– **Recycled plastic:** Such as polyethylene (PE), polypropylene (PP), and polyvinyl chloride (PVC).

 Manufacturing Process

The manufacturing process of WPC involves several steps to ensure quality and durability:
1. **Mixing materials:** Wood fibers and plastic are mixed under high temperatures and pressures.
2. **Extrusion:** The mixture is extruded into molds to obtain the desired shapes.
3. **Processing and cooling:** The materials are processed and cooled to obtain the final product.

Physical and Mechanical Properties

– **Durability and strength:** WPC is highly durable and possesses excellent mechanical strength, making it resistant to wear and breakage.
– **Weather resistance:** WPC is resistant to moisture, UV rays, and mold.
– **Low maintenance:** WPC requires less maintenance compared to traditional wood, as it does not need regular painting or polishing.

 Advantages of Using WPC


WPC is an environmentally friendly option as it is made from recycled materials, reducing the use of raw materials and minimizing waste.


WPC products have a long lifespan and high durability, making them suitable for use in harsh weather conditions without degrading in quality.

Low Maintenance

WPC requires less maintenance compared to traditional wood, as it does not need regular painting or maintenance to keep its appearance and quality.


WPC offers a similar aesthetic to natural wood with the added advantage of being able to be shaped and designed in various forms to suit different tastes.

 Practical Applications of WPC

 Outdoor Decking

Outdoor decking is one of the primary applications of WPC, providing excellent resistance to weather conditions and water, in addition to a beautiful appearance similar to natural wood. These decks are used in:
– **Pavements and terraces:** Weather-resistant and highly durable.
– **Pathways and gardens:** Attractive appearance and low maintenance.


WPC is widely used in the production of fences and barriers due to its high resistance to environmental factors and long-lasting durability. Applications include:
– **Gardens and public facilities:** Low maintenance and weather resistance.
– **Residential areas:** Aesthetic and durable with added protection.

 Exterior Cladding

WPC is used for exterior cladding of buildings, providing additional protection and enhancing the aesthetics of buildings. Applications include:
– **Cladding of house facades:** Additional protection and beauty.
– **Commercial buildings:** Professional appearance and durability.

Architectural and Decorative Applications

WPC is characterized by its flexibility in design and ease of shaping, making it ideal for use in architectural and decorative applications. These applications include:
– **Decorative panels:** Aesthetic and durable.
– **Architectural structures:** Various designs and high durability.

Services of Al-Ittihad Arab Metal Forming Company in WPC


Al-Ittihad Arab Metal Forming Company offers comprehensive design services, including client needs assessment, site analysis, and material selection. The company’s design team relies on the latest technologies and tools to ensure innovative and practical designs that meet client requirements.


The company provides supervision services for all stages of the project to ensure that designs are implemented according to required standards and specifications. Supervision includes monitoring the quality of materials used, adhering to schedules, and ensuring the best results.


Al-Ittihad Arab Metal Forming Company excels in efficiently executing WPC projects. Projects are carried out by a qualified and trained team using the latest equipment and techniques to ensure the best results.

 Examples of WPC Projects by Al-Ittihad Arab Metal Forming Company

 Outdoor Decking Project in a Residential Complex

A project for installing outdoor decking made of WPC was executed in a luxury residential complex. The project included designing and implementing weather-resistant decks with an aesthetic appearance that reflects luxury and elegance.

 Fencing and Garden Project in a Five-Star Hotel

The company executed a project for installing fencing and gardens made of WPC in a five-star hotel. The fences were designed and implemented with high skill to provide protection and aesthetics that match the required level of luxury.

Exterior Cladding Project for a Commercial Building

A project for exterior cladding of a commercial building using WPC was executed. The project included designing and implementing facades that add a modern and aesthetic touch to the building while providing additional protection against environmental factors.

 Case Study: Complete Project Execution Using WPC

 Project Introduction

Al-Ittihad Arab Metal Forming Company was contracted to execute a comprehensive project for exterior cladding of a large commercial building using WPC. The project included all stages of design, supervision, and execution.

 Project Execution Stages

1. **Initial Study and Design**
– Analyzing client needs.
– Conducting field studies and site analysis.
– Designing facades using 3D design programs.

2. **Planning and Preparation**
– Developing a detailed execution plan including the timeline and resource allocation.
– Selecting appropriate materials and tools.

3. **Execution**
– Preparing the site and starting work.
– Installing WPC panels according to the approved design.
– Monitoring execution to ensure quality and adherence to the timeline.

4. **Delivery and Evaluation**
– Conducting quality tests and ensuring the work meets specifications.
– Delivering the project to the client and ensuring satisfaction with the results.

 Environmental Benefits of Using WPC in Construction Projects

 Reducing Natural Resource Consumption

Using WPC reduces the need for natural wood and raw plastic, contributing to the conservation of natural resources and reducing environmental impact.

 Reducing Waste

The recycling processes used in manufacturing WPC help reduce plastic and wood waste, contributing to environmental conservation.

 Increased Lifespan

WPC products have a long lifespan, reducing the need for frequent replacement, thus minimizing waste and achieving greater sustainability.

 Challenges and Future Opportunities for WPC


– **Initial Cost:** The cost of producing WPC can be higher than some traditional materials, posing a market challenge.
– **Technology and Manufacturing:** Improving manufacturing processes to be more efficient and less energy-intensive is an ongoing challenge.


– **Expansion in Emerging Markets:** WPC can find significant opportunities in emerging markets seeking sustainable and economical building solutions.
– **Innovation and Development:** Investing in research and development can lead to improved WPC properties, making it more competitive in the market.


In conclusion, wood-plastic composite (WPC) is an innovative and versatile material that combines the advantages of wood and plastic. Al-Ittihad Arab Metal Forming Company uses WPC to provide exceptional solutions in the fields of design, supervision, and execution, contributing to improving quality of life and effectively meeting client needs sustainably. With a dedicated team, the company ensures the delivery of high-quality WPC projects, reflecting their commitment to excellence and innovation.

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